On the finish of every 12 months, dictionaries select a phrase they really feel defines that 12 months. For 2020, unsurprisingly, the phrases which have been chosen are associated to COVID-19. Merriam-Webster selected “pandemic” as their phrase of the 12 months, Collins English Dictionary selected “lockdown” and Dictionary.com selected “pandemic” as effectively. Oxford Languages has not but determined their phrase, though they’re holding a webinar at 9 a.m. Dec. 10 to debate their choices and provides a behind-the-scenes have a look at their Phrase of the Yr marketing campaign.
Oxford Languages has many choices for his or her phrase of the 12 months. Phrases resembling “lockdown” and “pandemic” have been introduced up, however they’ve additionally proposed “distant working,” “mail-in,” “Black Lives Matter” and plenty of extra. They did a full report that may be downloaded via their website, which breaks down frequent themes of the 12 months and phrases related to these themes. The report additionally contains information displaying which phrases are hottest and even through which nations sure phrases are most used.
Collins English Dictionary defines “lockdown” as “the containment measure applied by governments world wide to mitigate the unfold of COVID-19.”
Merriam-Webster defines “pandemic” as “an outbreak of a illness that happens over a large geographic space (resembling a number of nations or continents) and sometimes impacts a major proportion of the inhabitants.”
Dictionary.com defines “pandemic” as “(of a illness) prevalent all through a whole nation, continent or the entire world; epidemic over a big space.”
“At Dictionary.com, the duty of selecting a single phrase to sum up 2020 — a 12 months roiled by a public well being disaster, an financial downturn, racial injustice, local weather catastrophe, political division and rampant disinformation — was a difficult and humbling one.”
In response to Oxford Languages, the phrase of the 12 months is chosen based mostly on analysis accomplished by Oxford Corpus and gathers round 150 million phrases from web site publications every month. Social media ideas are additionally taken into consideration.
As a way to be the phrase of the 12 months, the phrase doesn’t should be new (though typically it’s) however must have been used prominently inside the final 12 months.
It’s protected to say the phrases chosen for 2020 are related to the 12 months. Earlier than just lately, the phrase “pandemic” was one thing you most likely solely heard talked about in science lessons or apocalypse TV exhibits. Using these phrases compared to previous years has elevated dramatically, and we’ve got turn out to be accustomed to phrases we as soon as most likely didn’t know the way to outline.